什么是业力以及业力是如何运作的?
发布日期:2018-03-10 09:18
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Question: What is karma? Are there different kinds of karma and how do they affect us?

问:什么是业力?业力有哪些不同的种类以及业力是如何影响我们的?

 

Sadhguru: What you call as “my life” is a certain amount of energy controlled by a certain amount of information. This information, in today’s terms, can be called software. A certain amount of life energy is charged with a certain amount of information. Together, this information technology is you. You become a certain kind of character because of the type of information that has gone into you. The past impressions of life go far beyond the moment you were born, but in your perception right now, at least from the moment you were born till today, what kind of parents, family, and education you had, what kind of religious and social background, what kind of cultural realities – all these impressions have gone in. Someone has become a different character simply because of the type of information that has gotten into him. This is what is karma. This information is traditionally called karma or karmic body or causal body – that which causes life.

萨古鲁:你所说的“我的生命”是被某种信息所控制的某种能量。这种信息,用今天的话来说,可以称之为“软件”。一种生命能量蕴含着一种信息。信息与能量合一,你就成了这种信息技术的载体。 因为某种信息已经进入了你,你变得具有某种性格。此生之前的印记远远超过了你出生那一刻所积累下来的,但是在你现在的感知里,至少从你出生那一刻到今天为止,你的父母、家庭和你接受的教育,以及宗教、社会背景,再加上现实的文化——所有这些的印象已经进入了你。仅仅因为某种已经进入一个人的信息,那个人便具有某种不同的性格。传统上,我们将这种引起生命活动的信息称为业力、业力身或者因果体。

 

The different types of karma

不同类型的业力

 

This information is on many different levels. There are four dimensions, two of which are not relevant right now. For understanding, we can talk about the other two. One is sanchita karma. This is the warehouse of karma which goes right back to a single-celled animal and even inanimate substances from where life evolved. All the information is there. If you close your eyes, become aware enough and look into yourself, you will know the nature of the universe – not because you are looking at it through your head, but simply because this information is present in the making of the body. There is a warehouse of information going back into creation. That is your sanchita karma. But you cannot take your warehouse and do retail business. You need to have a shop to do retail. That “retail shop,” which is for this life, is called prarabdha.

这种信息具有许多不同的层面,即业力有四个层面——其中的两个与此处无关。为了方便理解,我们不妨探讨另外两个层面。一个是前世业力。这就是一个“业力的仓库”,它存储了从单细胞生物,甚至没有生命的物质,再到进化至现在的生命所累积下来的业力。所有的信息都储存在那里。如果你闭上眼睛,变得足够有觉知,然后看向你自己,你会了悟宇宙的本质——不是因为你通过你的头脑去看,而仅仅是由于你身体的创造中携带的信息,因为这个“业力的仓库”储存的信息可以回溯到创造的源头。这就是你的前世业力。但是,你不能用你“业力的仓库”去做零售业务。你需要一个店铺才能去做零售。这个“零售店铺”只对你这一世开放,称为伴随业。

 

Prarabdha karma is a certain amount of information allotted for this life. Depending upon the vibrancy of your life, life allots for itself how much information it can take on. The creation is very compassionate. If it gives you the whole lot of karma that you have, you will be dead. Right now, many people are tortured by the simple memories from the 30-40 years of this lifetime. If they are given a hundred times that memory, they wouldn’t survive it. So, nature allots prarabdha, an allotted memory that you could handle.

伴随业力是(从前世业力的仓库中)分配给这一生的业力。根据你生命的强度,生命为自己分配了它所能承载的信息。造物主是慈悲的。如果他让你承载你所有的业力,你就会死掉。现在,很多人仅仅被这一生30到40年的记忆所折磨。如果他们承载了百倍于此的记忆,他们会因此而崩溃。因此,造物主分配给你的伴随业,是你能够承受的记忆。

 

What is karma and its role in a seeker’s life?

什么是业力以及它在一个探寻者的生命中扮演着什么的角色?

 

Once you enter the spiritual path, you are making a statement, “I am in a hurry to get to my ultimate destination.” You don’t want to take one hundred lifetimes. And in the process of this one hundred lifetimes you may gather enough karma to last out for another thousand lifetimes. You want to hurry it up. So, once a spiritual process begins, if initiations are done in a certain way, it opens up dimensions which would not have opened up otherwise. You would have lived a more peaceful life if you were not spiritual, but a more lifeless life too, closer to death than life. Without anything fundamental being shaken within you, maybe you just passed comfortably.

一旦你走上灵性修行的道路,你会宣告说,“我迫切地想达到终极的目的地。”你不想用一百世轮回。并且在这一百世轮回的过程当中你所积累下来的业力多到可以再延续一千世的轮回。你想要加快脚步。因此,一旦灵性的进程开始,如果是以某种特定方式开启的,那么此前无法打开的维度就会打开。如果你不是灵性的,你说不定会过上一种更平静的生活,但却是一种更没有生机的生活,与其说活着不如说更接近死亡。如果你的内在没有任何本质的东西在激荡,也许你只能安逸地过完这一生。

 

So does this mean all negative things happen to you once you are on the spiritual path? That’s not how it is. It is just that when life moves at a tremendous pace – a pace much faster pace than that of people around you – you think some tragedy is happening to you. No tragedy is happening to you. It is just that they are going at normal speed but your life is rolling on fast-forward.

因此,这是不是说一旦你走上灵性修行的道路,所有负面的东西都会在你身上发生?事情不是这样的。这只是因为当生活的步伐变得很快——比你周围人的要快得多——你会觉得某些悲剧一直在你身上发生。事实上,没有悲剧在你身上发生。这只是因为他们生活的节奏正常,但是你的生活就像开了快进一样。

 

Many people have this wrong notion that once you enter a spiritual path, you will become peaceful and everything will be clear. If you take on a convenient belief system and become a single-track mind, then everything seems to be clear. But if you are genuinely on the spiritual path, nothing will be clear. Everything will be a blur. The faster you travel the more of a blur it becomes.

一旦走上灵性修行的道路,许多人都会有这种错误的观念——也就是你会变得平静,一切都变得透彻。如果你为求方便,选择一种信仰体系,让头脑变得单纯,那么一切似乎都会变得透彻。但是,一旦你真正踏上灵性修行之路,没有什么是透彻的。一切都是模糊的。你走得越快,就会变得越模糊。

 

A few years ago, I happened to be in Germany and after we finished the program, I had to drive to France, which was about 440 km from where I was. Usually the journey takes five hours. I had no intention of staying on the road for five hours so I just pushed it and we were doing something like 200 kmph. The countryside was supposed to be beautiful in this region, and I thought I would look at it. I tried to roll my eyeballs but everything was a blur and I couldn’t take my eyes off the road for a moment. It was snowing and we were driving crazy speeds.

几年前,我正好在德国,在结束课程之后,我必须开车去往法国,距离我们当时的所在地大概有440公里。这段路一般情况下要花5个小时。我可不想在路上停留5个小时,所以我加快了速度,当时的时速大概是200公里。在这个地区的乡村应该是很美的,所有我想亲眼见识一下。我努力转动我的眼球,但是一切都很模糊,以至于我一刻都不能将视线从公路上移开。天正下着雪,而我们的车速接近疯狂。

 

So, the faster you go, everything becomes a blur and you can’t take your eyes off what you are doing for a moment. If you want to enjoy the countryside, you must go easy and slow. If you are in a hurry to reach your destination, you gas it. You see nothing. You are just going. The spiritual path is like this. If you are really on the spiritual path, everything is in turmoil all around you. But you are still going, so it’s okay. Is this alright? If it’s not alright, you can go at the evolutionary pace. Maybe it will take a million years and you will get there.

所以, 你走得越快,一切就会变得模糊,而且你一刻都不能把注意力从你手头的事情上挪开。如果你想领略乡村美景,你必须慢悠悠地开车。如果你急着想到达目的地,那么你就得加大油门。你什么都看不清楚。你就在一路前行。灵性修行就像这样。如果你真的在修行,周围的一切都像疾风骤雨一般。但是,你仍然在前进,所以这没有问题。对不对?如果你觉得有问题,你可以按照生命进化的速度前进。也许,过个一百万年,你就能到达那里了。

 

For those who are in a hurry, there is one kind of path. For those who are not in a hurry, there is another kind of path. You must be clear what the hell you want. If you get onto the fast track and try to go slow, you will be run over. If you are on the slow path and try to go fast, you will get a ticket. Every seeker must always decide – does he want to just enjoy the road or does he want to get to the destination quick?

对于那些急着赶路的,有一种路径。对于那些不紧不慢的,也有另一种路径。你必须清楚自己到底想要什么。如果你进入快车道却想慢行,你会被追尾。如果你在慢车道却想开快车,你就会领到一张罚单。每一个探寻者始终必须做好决定——他是只想领略沿途风景,还是想要快点到达目的地?

 

Love&Grace,

Sadhguru

爱与恩典

萨古鲁

文章来源:isha.sadhguru.org/blog/yoga-meditation/demystifying-yoga/what-is-karma
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