儿童瑜伽——向孩子介绍瑜伽
发布日期:2016-12-15 23:14
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Should children learn yoga? If so, what should they learn and at what age should they begin? Sadhguru answers frequently asked questions about yoga for children.

儿童应该学习瑜伽吗?如果应该的话,那么他们应该学些什么,在几岁的时候开始学呢?萨古鲁回答了关于儿童瑜伽的常见问题。

 

Q: The question is more for my daughter, who is nine right now. Should I be introducing her to yoga at this age so that she can prepare herself to get drawn to her path as soon as possible?

问题:这个问题更多是关于我女儿的,她现在9岁了。我是不是应该在她现在这个年纪让她开始学习瑜伽呢,这样她就可以为走上自己的道路而尽早做好准备?

Sadhguru: Yoga is not something that takes you away from life. This is something that gives you profound traction with life. So tell me, when is the time to start? At sixty or at the earliest possible time?

萨古鲁:瑜伽并不是让你远离生命。瑜伽是让你与生命有着深度连接。那么你可以告诉我,什么时候开始呢?60岁还是尽可能早呢?

Seven years is generally considered a good age, but you have waited till nine. So, it is time to start, because it is important that a child is offered many things and that they are able to make an intelligent choice about them. If you do not give them these options, they are being brainwashed to believe that what they are exposed to is all there is in the world. The choice is only between soft drinks and pizza, nothing else!

通常认为7岁是开始学习瑜伽的最佳年龄,但你已经等到了9岁。所以,是时候开始了。因为我们要给孩子提供多种选项并让他们对这些东西进行明智的选择。如果你不给他们多种选项,他们会以为,这个世界就只有他们所接触到的那些东西——要么软饮要么披萨,别无他选!

It is very important that early in life, a child gets exposed to the right things, things that work from within because arrangements we make in the world around us can only be managed to a certain extent.

很重要的一点是,在生命早期,让孩子能够接触到正确的东西,对一个人内在有益的东西。因为外在的情形我们只能在一定程度上掌管好。

It is very important that early in life, a child gets exposed to the right things, things that work from within because arrangements we make in the world around us can only be managed to a certain extent. As long as your wellbeing is subject to and enslaved to external situation, you being well is going to be accidental because nobody has 100% control over the outside situations. And the way population is increasing, we do not know what kind of external arrangements the next generation will be able to make. By 2050, we are expected to be 9.6 billion. I do not want to be around, but your daughter will be around, so she will have to have some special skills of survival. It is not going to be easy at all.

有一点很重要那就是在生命早期,让孩子能够接触到正确的事情,对一个人内在有益的东西,因为外在的情形我们只能从一定程度上掌管好。只要你的幸福仍受制于、奴役于外界环境,那么你的幸福就变成了偶然,因为没人可以100%控制外界的状况。而且人口也在不断增长,我们并不知道下一代人的外在处境会是如何。到2050年,全球人口数量预计将达到96亿。到那时我是不想待在这里了,但你的女儿还会在,所以她必需要掌握一些生存的特殊本领。这将一点都不容易。

Just imagine 35% more people in the same space – visualize the experience. If you have to really sit close, at least you must know yoga because you can twist yourself whichever way and be comfortable in any posture! There will not be much choice about postures.

设想一下这个地球增加35%的人口居住——想象一下那种体验。如果大家不得不互相靠得很近,那至少你必须学瑜伽,这样你就可以以任何方式折叠身体,然后让自己任何姿势都坐得很舒服!到时候可没有太多姿势可选。

I hope yoga becomes a part of our education system. This year, as part of Isha’s International Yoga Day activities, we set forth initiatives that are bringing simple yet powerful yogic practices to 30 million children in 25,000 schools in India.

我希望瑜伽可以成为我们教育体制中的一部分。今年,作为Isha国际瑜伽日活动的其中一项内容,我们提出了一些倡议,为印度25,000所学校的3,000万儿童带来简单却强大的瑜伽练习。

What Kind of Yoga Should Children Learn?

儿童应该学习哪种瑜伽呢?

Q: Is there any particular yoga for kids?

问题:针对孩子,有什么特定的瑜伽吗?

Sadhguru: There are simple forms of yoga that children can do after six or seven years of age. But it is very important that certain practices are not taught to them. I see in some places that children are taught padmasana. This should not be done. When the bones are still growing and tender, sitting in postures that put a certain amount of stress on the skeletal system can make their bones bend.

萨古鲁:我们有一些简单的瑜伽可以让孩子来学,一般是在6岁或7岁以后。但有一点非常重要的是,一些练习不适合孩子。我看到有些地方,在给孩子们教padmasana(莲花坐)。不应该教他们的。孩子的骨头还在生长,还比较柔软,一些姿势会对他们的骨骼系统带来压力,造成骨头弯曲。

People who transmit yoga must know what is suitable for a child. Yoga is taught according to the requirements and situations of each individual. Not everything that is taught to adults should be taught to children. Even among adults, if you are in family situations, we teach one kind of yoga. An ascetic learns yoga in a completely different way. It is very important that you do not do the same thing for everyone.

传授瑜伽的人必须要清楚什么是适合孩子的。瑜伽的传授是要根据每个人的要求和情况来定的。我们传授给成人的瑜伽不是都适合教给孩子。即便在成年人中,如果你是有家室的,我们教某种瑜伽。而苦行者则是完全以另一种方式来学瑜伽。这一点非常重要,就是你不能对每一个人都传授同样的东西。

How Should Yoga Be Taught to Children?

如何给儿童传授瑜伽呢?

Q: How do we introduce yoga to kids. How do we instill the thirst for yoga from an early age?

问题:我们应该如何向孩子们介绍瑜伽?我们如何在孩子小的时候就逐步引导他们对瑜伽的渴望呢?

Sadhguru: There is something called Nada Yoga, which is the mastery of sounds. Nada yoga is the simplest and subtlest way for a child to begin. It will lead to wellbeing and the proper development of body and mind. There are also practices like Yoga Namaskar, which can be learnt even at six or seven years of age. There are also upa-yoga techniques , which both children and adults will find useful.

萨古鲁:我们有一种叫声音瑜伽(Nada Yoga),它是对声音的掌控。声音瑜伽对于开始学瑜伽的孩子来说,是最简单也是最微妙的一种。这种瑜伽会促进孩子的健康,帮助其身心和谐发展。另外还有其他的练习比如 瑜伽合十礼(Yoga Namaskar),这种在6岁或7岁的时候就可以学习。还有其他乌帕瑜伽练习,对孩子和成人来说都是很实用的。

When they start seeing the benefits of these, when they see that this can set them apart in a group of people in terms of capability, they will naturally pursue higher forms of yoga. As they grow up, their yoga should also grow.

当孩子们看到练习这些瑜伽带来的益处时,当他们看到瑜伽可以让自己的能力与众不同时,他们就自然会追求更高级别的瑜伽。随着成长,他们所掌握的瑜伽也会随之提升。

爱与恩典

萨古鲁

 

                                                      
 
文章来源:http://isha.sadhguru.org/blog/yoga-meditation/demystifying-yoga/yoga-children-introducing-kids-yoga/
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