冥想时如何控制念头?
发布日期:2018-05-16 15:29
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Sadhguru answers a question on how to control your thoughts during meditation.

萨古鲁对冥想时或做Kriya(克里亚)时如何控制念头做出了解答。

 

Question: Namaskaram. During the practice of kriyas, there is always this challenge of thoughts entering my mind. I’m trying hard to keep them away and focus on the kriya, but this doesn’t really work. How to control your thoughts during meditation or kriyas?

问:您好,萨古鲁。在做Kriya的时候,总有念头进入我的头脑。我非常努力地想赶走这些念头,把注意力集中在Kriya上,但是一点用都没有。当冥想或者做Kriya时,如何才能控制你的想法?

 

Sadhguru: You are focusing hard and trying to banish the thoughts, and they are not going away. This is the nature of the mind, but it looks like you are very prejudiced against your mind. When you are doing your kriya or your meditation, you don’t mind if your kidneys or your lungs are functioning or if your heart is beating. You don’t mind all the other processes in the body – only your brain should not function! The notion that if you do something spiritual, your brain should stop working is simply wrong.

 萨古鲁:你非常努力地想集中注意力,并赶走念头,但是它们就是不走。这是头脑的天性,但是,看起来你好像对头脑很有偏见。做你的Kriya或冥想的时候,你不关心肾和肺是否在运作,不关心心脏是否在跳动。你没有去注意身体其他部位的活动——你只希望你的大脑停止运作!如果你认为灵性修行的时候,头脑应该停止运作,这样的观念是错误的。

 

Your thoughts are just the smells – either fragrance or stink – of the stuff that you carry within you. Nothing new arises. If you don’t let the stuff that you have gathered go into your brain, your brain will work in phenomenal ways. It can do things that you have not imagined possible. But it is full of your own rubbish right now – that is the struggle; that is why you want it to stop. Instead of the brain being the crown of your life, it has become the garbage bin of your life. Physically, it is the crown. In the symbolism of yoga, Sahasrar is a lotus with one thousand petals – “one thousand” not as a literal number, but as something innumerable. If your brain was rooted in the existential process, innumerable possibilities would open up.But right now, your brain is only rooted in the mental process.

你的念头只是你内在所携带事物的气味——或香或臭。你的念头中没任何新事物产生。只要你不让你收集的东西进入你的大脑,你的大脑将会以惊人的方式运作,并且做到那些超乎你想象的事情。但是,此刻它被塞满垃圾——这让你苦苦挣扎,这就是为什么你想让头脑停止运作的原因。大脑没有成为你生命的皇冠,反而成了你生命的垃圾桶。从身体层面讲,大脑是生命的皇冠。瑜伽中,Sahasrar(顶轮)是一朵千瓣莲花——此处的千瓣不是真有一千片花瓣,而是代表无数。如果你的大脑扎根于存在中,那么就会有无数种可能性为你绽开。但是此刻,你的大脑只是扎根在头脑活动中。

 

Now you may say, “Sadhguru, that’s exactly what I am saying – how to control thoughts?” No, that is not what you are saying. You don’t want your thoughts to interfere with your illusory idea of enlightenment. Illusory because enlightenment is not something that you cause. You don’t cause light, but you see light. When the sun rises in the morning, you do not cause the light, but you are able to see it if your eyes are open. If you cause light – let’s say with a torch or by any other means – you always have to keep it up, and there will always be the fear that it will go out. 

说到这儿,你也许要说“萨古鲁,那正是我想说的——如何控制念头呢?”不,那不是你想说的。你只是不想让你的念头干扰你虚幻中的开悟。虚幻,是因为开悟不是你可以引发的。你不能产生光,但是你能看到光。清晨太阳升起时,光不是你带来的,但是如果你睁开眼睛你就能看到光。如果你能让光发生——比如点燃火把或通过其他途径——你必须让火把始终燃烧,并且你会一直心存恐惧,怕火把熄灭。

 

The difference between education and enlightenment is just this – you can educate yourself with 1, 10, or 1000 books, but still you will run out of material at some point. Enlightenment means you did not educate yourself with books – you are simply there; it is an endless process. Is there something particular that an enlightened person knows that you do not know? No. Is there something particular that an enlightened person does not know? No. I am not playing with words. This is the nature of existence.

教育与开悟的区别就在这里——你能用1本、10本,抑或1000本书来提升自己,但是那总有穷尽的一天。开悟则意味着你不是通过书本学习——你就存在在那里,而这是一个永无止境的过程。有没有什么事是开悟的人知道的,而你不知道?没有。有没有什么事是开悟之人不知道的?也没有。我不是在玩文字游戏。因为这就是存在的本质。

 

An Inefficient Mind

低效的头脑

 

What is happening in your liver and kidneys is a lot more complex than the thoughts that you generate. If the activity of your organs does not disturb you, why do your thoughts disturb you? Because you think you are your thoughts. When you think, you don’t see it as “my thoughts” – you say, “I think so.” Because you are deeply identified with your thought process, it is bothering you. You are not identified with your kidneys unless you have a kidney problem. If they function normally, most people do not even feel if they have kidneys or not. Kidneys are a device – they are functioning so efficiently we can forget about them.

肝脏和肾脏的运转过程比你的头脑产生念头的过程要复杂得多。如果你各个器官的活动都不会干扰你,为什么你的念头会干扰你?因为你以为你就是你的念头。你在思考的时候,不把念头看成“我的念头”,你会说“我想”。因为你把自己深深地认同于你的念头,所以它才让你烦恼。你没有把自己认同于你的肾脏,除非肾脏出了毛病。如果这些器官正常运作,多数人甚至都不能感觉到自己到底有没有肾脏。肾是一种设备——它们的运作高效得让你都忘记了它们的存在。

 

The notion that if you do something spiritual, your brain should stop working is simply wrong.

如果你认为灵性修行的时候,头脑应该停止运作,这样的观念是错误的。

 

 

You are always conscious of that which does not function efficiently. You know, I am making a statement about your brain. If it was functioning smoothly, you would not notice your brain, like you do not notice your kidneys or liver. If you were not identified with it, you would not notice it. If you are identified with it, it is a big deal. You are not your thought. You are identified with something that you are not. Once you are identified with something that you are not, you cannot stop the mental process – it will just go on endlessly. It is like when you have eaten bad food, gas will develop. You cannot stop it with a wine cork. You just have to stop eating bad food.

而你总是能意识到那些并不高效的部分。你知道,我是在说你的头脑。如果你的头脑运作顺畅,你就不会去注意你的头脑,就像你不会去注意肝和肾一样。你只要不认同于它,你就不会去注意它。你若认同了它,它就是个大麻烦。你不是你的念头,而你却把自己当成了那些你所不是的东西。一旦你认同于那些你所不是的,你就无法停止你的头脑——它就会无休止地进行下去。这就好像,如果你吃了变质食物,体内就会产生气体,你无法用酒塞去阻止它的排放。你能做的就是不要再吃变质食物。

 

The bad food for you is right now, you believe yourself to be things that you are not. The moment you identify yourself with your body, your thoughts, your emotions, and many other things around you, the thought process will be endless. People think that is how the mind is. That is not how mind is, or rather, that it is not how it is supposed to be. If you constantly had a stomach ache, you would think that is how the stomach is.

当你把自己看作那些你所不是的事物时,就好比你吃了变质食物。你把自己认同于你的身体、头脑、情感和你周围的许多其他事物的时候,你头脑的思维过程就会无休止地进行下去。人们认为那就是头脑的存在方式。头脑不是这样的,或者更准确地说,头脑本不该如此。如果你经常胃痛,你会认为胃就是这样的。

 

The Human Possibility

作为人的可能性

 

The brain is much more sensitive than other organs. All other organs have specific functions, but the brain has a few specific functions, and the rest is left open. This is the problem of being human. Any other creature has specific goals, nothing more. They must eat well, grow well, reproduce well, and die one day – everything is set. Only a human being is wondering, “Why am I here? What is the nature of my life? Where do I come from? Where do I go?” All these questions only come up when you are human. The difference between a human being and any other creature is that in human beings, the cerebral cortex and other parts of the brain have flowered.

大脑比其他身体器官更敏感。其他器官都有特定的功能,但是大脑除了几项特定的功能外,还有其他部分是开放式的。这就是人类的问题所在。其他生物都有具体的生存目标——吃好、长好、繁殖好,然后某一天死去——一切都已经设定好。只有人才会想“我为何在此?我生命的本质是什么?我从何处来?要到何处去?”只有作为人,你才会想到这些问题。人和其他生物的区别在于,人的大脑皮层和大脑其他部位都发育成熟了。

 

You complain about a new possibility that has arisen within you, a possibility that an ape, a monkey, or any other creature does not have. Do not treat a possibility as a problem. It is not a problem – it is a possibility that you can sit here and think of something that is 1000 miles away, 1000 years ago, 1000 years later, or whatever else. It has become a problem for a lot of people because they have never looked at the user manual.

你在抱怨你内在出现的新的可能性,而猿、猴子,还有其他生物都没有这种可能性。不要把可能性看成是需要解决的问题。你可以坐在这里,就思考着1000英里外的、1000年前的、1000年后的,或者随便其他任何事情,这不是问题,这是可能性。很多人把它当成问题,那是因为这些人从来没好好阅读过头脑使用手册。

 

First stop giving the brain bad food – feed it with Truth, not untruth. We are in the hands of Truth. We don’t have Truth in our hands. We have a complex bunch of lies in our hands. If you keep down all the things that you believe, all the things that you have made up, you will see, if you sit here, your mind could be simply empty. If it is empty, what is the use? The use is it can reflect the whole cosmos. Otherwise, it is quite comic. This is the choice – you can make your mind into a comical place or a cosmic space. For it to become a cosmic space, you must keep all the lies down – then Truth will flourish by its own nature. The absence of falsehood is Truth.

首先,不要再给大脑吃变质食物——让它食用真实,而非虚假。我们在真实之手中。但我们的手中没有真实。我们的手中只是复杂混乱的谎言。如果你能放下你所相信的一切,放下你所编造的一切,你会发现,你坐在这里,但是你的头脑可以是空的。如果头脑是空的,它有什么用?它可以用来映射出整个宇宙。否则,你的头脑就只是一出滑稽剧。你可以选择——你可以让头脑变成一个宇宙般宽广的空间,也可以让它成为一个上演滑稽剧的地方。要让头脑如宇宙般宽广,你必须放下所有谎言,如此,真实的花朵自然会绽放。虚假不存在了,真实自然会显现。

 

Only a fool will talk about what Truth is. One who knows will only talk around it, because you cannot talk about it. You can only define and describe that which has some kind of substance, that which has measurable parameters, or boundaries. If something has no boundaries and no parameters, you cannot talk about it. The whole work is about clearing the mess you have created, not about establishing Truth. There is no need to establish Truth. It is in the lap of Truth that all of us exist.

只有傻瓜才谈论什么是真实。知道真实为何物的人只会围绕着真实谈论,因为真实本身是无法谈论的。你只能定义或者描述那些有物质实体的,有可测参数的,或者有界限的。你不能用语言去谈论那没有边界,没有参数可做参考的事物。你要做的,就是清理掉你创造的这一堆混乱,而不是去确立真实。没有确立真实的必要,我们所有人就存在于真实之中。

 

I will not ask you to confess what thoughts you are getting while doing your kriya. Do not be concerned about your thoughts. Above all, do not try to stop them. Let them happen like the activity of your kidneys is happening. Not everything in your kidneys is clean. Not everything in your brain is clean either – what is your problem?

我不会问你在做Kriya的时候会有些什么念头,不要去担心你的念头,最重要的,不要试图去阻止念头的产生。让念头产生吧,就像你的肾脏在运作一样。你肾脏中的一切并非都是干净的,你头脑中的一切也并非都是干净的——这有什么问题?

 

Good Thoughts and Bad Thoughts

好念头和坏念头

 

Do not discriminate between good and bad thoughts. There are no good and bad thoughts – there are just thoughts. Your thoughts depend upon what kind of garbage you have – that kind of smell will emanate. Today’s smell depends on yesterday’s garbage. It depends on what you threw into the bin. If you watched a movie yesterday or something else happened, today, that will come back to you again. Do not judge your thoughts – it is just rubbish. First of all, they are not even real. A thought means that it is not real. The largest part of who you are is unconscious right now. You are making things up all the time. If you want to know the nature of creation and the Creator, it is important that you do not make things up, which is what you are trying to do right now. Trying to make things up is a hopeless method.

不要对念头作好坏区分。没有所谓的好念头坏念头——它们只是念头。有什么样的念头,取决于你头脑中有什么样的垃圾,而什么样的垃圾就会散发出什么样的气味。今天的气味产生自昨天的垃圾,它取决于你往垃圾桶里扔了什么。假如你昨天看了一场电影,或发生了其他什么事,今天它们又会在头脑中出现。不要去评价你的念头——它们只是垃圾而已。首先,念头是虚假的。念头就意味着它不是真实存在的。你的很大一部分在此刻仍是无觉知的,你总在编造虚构。你如果想了悟创造和造物主的本质,你就该停止编造,这很重要。尝试编造虚构,是一种绝望的方式。

 

If you try to maintain a continuous stream of thoughts while doing your kriya, suddenly, they will not come. Suddenly, you will get constipated in the head. Do not bother about your thoughts or about how to control your thoughts. Depending upon what is there inside today, thoughts will flow. There is no significance or consequence to this. You just need to do the kriya – do not do the thoughts. Whether you try to remove them or to have continuous thoughts or 108 sacred thoughts during meditation, you are still trying to do the thoughts. The kidneys will do their own thing; the liver will do its own thing; the brain will do its own thing; you do the kriya – that is all. 

如果你尝试在做Kriya的时候保持念头的持续流动,突然之间,念头就不再出现了;突然之间,你在头脑中就出现了阻塞。别去担心你的念头。也别去想如何控制念头。念头会自然跟随今天你内在的东西而流动变化。这并不重要。你只需要去做Kriya就好——而不是做念头。不管你是尝试消除念头,还是让念头持续流动,还是有108个神圣的念头,你都只是在“做”念头。肾脏会做自己该做的,肝脏会做自己该做的,大脑会做自己该做的,而你就做Kriya。这样就好。

 

Love&Grace,

Sadhguru

爱与恩典

萨古鲁

文章来源:isha.sadhguru.org/blog/sadhguru/masters-words/how-to-control-your-thoughts-during-meditation
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