印度寺庙里的神像是如何制成的
发布日期:2018-01-04 16:55
Q: Sadhguru, are traditional temple sculptures for aesthetics, or are they also performing a specific function like a yantra?
问题:萨古鲁,传统寺庙里的神像都是为了审美,还是他们也像yantra一样执行特定的功能呢?

undefinedSadhguru: If you look at these deities, they are not necessarily visually aesthetic. For example, Linga Bhairavi is not my idea of a beautiful woman – she is created that way in order to represent a certain dimension of the feminine.
萨古鲁:如果你看这些神像,其实他们从视觉上并一定很美观。举个例子,灵伽贝拉维就不是我理想中的美女-她以那种方式创造出来是为了能够代表女性的某个维度。
 
Two Dimensions of the Divine Feminine
女神的二个维度
 
There are basically two dimensions to the divine feminine. They are traditionally called Kali and Gowri – the Dark One and the Fair One. This is not a question of color. In Indian languages, the word raga means color, but it is also used to describe the flavor of something, not only color per se. In Indian classical music, the tune is called raga because it is a particular flavor of music. If you create a particular flavor, it will create a certain imagery and colors in your mind. That is why we use the word raga or color to describe a sound, a reverberation, an act, or an atmosphere, because we know that in your consciousness, it will create colors.
一般来说女神都有二个维度。传统意义上他们被称作Kali和Gowri-黑色的和白色的。这不是一个关于颜色的问题。在印度语中,raga这个词是颜色的意思,但是它也被用来形容一个东西的味道/风格,并不仅仅是颜色而已。在印度经典音乐里,这个曲调被叫做raga,因为它是一种特别风格的音乐。如果你创造出某种风格,那么它会在你头脑里呈现某种形象和颜色。这就是为何我们会用raga或颜色这个词来形容一种声音,一种震动,一种行为,或一种氛围,因为我们知道在你的意识中,它会产生颜色。
 
The forms of Devi that we find in temples are generally either Gowri or Kali – the Fair One or the Dark One. The darkness and fairness is neither in terms of skin color, nor in terms of good and evil. Darkness and fairness are seen as two different dimensions of existence – both are needed to make things happen in the world. Kali, the Dark One, is a fierce one. Gowri, the Fair One, is a mild one. Mild ones are usually worshipped as a companion for the main deity of the temple.
我们在寺庙中看到的Devi(女神)的形式一般要么是Gowri(白色),要么是Kali(黑色)。黑色和白色既不是指皮肤的颜色,也不是指善恶。黑色和白色被看做是存在的两种不同维度-世界上的事情都需要靠这两者才能发生。Kali,黑色的这一位,是很凶悍的。Gowri,白色的这一位,则是很温和的。温和的神通常在寺庙里都被当做主神的伴侣来膜拜。
 
Where there is Shiva, there will be Gowri next to him. He is the main force – she is just there as an add-on, because she is a mild, civilized, domesticated woman. Kali is always alone, without a male form next to her. By herself, she is a complete force. In terms of geometry, Bhairavi is made up of three-and-a-half chakras. Because she is Kali, she is the lower half of the body – muladhara, swadhishthana, manipura, and one half of anahata. She only has half a heart – so do not expect her to love you! She is not capable of love, but she is capable of immense compassion and force.
哪里有Shiva(湿婆)的地方,哪里就会有Gowri在他旁边。湿婆是主神-而Gowri则是作为附加的修饰,因为她是温和的,有教养的,顾家的女性。Kali总是孤身一人,在她旁边一直都没有一个男身陪伴。Kaili本身就是一股完整的力量。就几何学而言,贝拉维是由三个半脉轮组成。由于她是Kali,她位于身体的下半部分-海底轮,太阳轮,脐轮和一半的心轮。她只有半颗心-所以别指望她会爱你!她没有能力去爱,但她却拥有强大的慈悲心和力量。
 
Bhairavi is capable of enhancing your life in a tremendous way. I think that if something or someone enhances your life, it is a much bigger expression of love than the everyday “I love you” business. She will never “sweetify” you, but within a few days of contact, her energies can lift you higher than where you are right now, both experientially and in relation with the rest of the world. It can enhance your life hugely in terms of your competence, your mental and physical wellbeing, and your wellbeing in the world.
贝拉维能够极大地提升你的生命。我想如果某样东西或某个人能提升你的生命,那么比起每天说“我爱你”来,这会是一种更有力的爱的表达方式。她永远都不会扮甜蜜,但只要和她接触几天,她的能量就能帮助你从现在的状态提升到更高的状态,无论是从体验上还是从与世界上其余事物相处上都会得到提升。它会极大地提升你的生命:包括你的能力,你的身心健康,以及你在这个世界的幸福安康。
 
No Philosophy, Just Geometry
没有哲学,只有几何学

So, are these forms just aesthetic, cultural or philosophical? There is no philosophy behind this – this is the art of geometry. Unfortunately, because people are always looking for verbal meanings, someone comes up with a philosophical explanation, but Eastern arts have no philosophical background. Philosophy is something that is made up to support what you have done. Eastern arts are about trying to achieve symmetry with the geometry of existence.
那么,这些神像只是审美,文化或是哲学的体现吗?在这些神像背后没有哲学观-这就是几何学的艺术。不幸的是,由于人们总是要寻找言语和文字上的含义,某些人就会提出一种哲学的解释,但事实上东方艺术从来都没有哲学的背景。哲学只是人们为自己所做之事寻找支撑而制造出来的。东方的艺术则是关于如何达到存在的几何对称。
 
Here, an artist is considered successful only when what he has created subjectively syncs with a particular existential form. This is the reason why an Eastern artist never leaves a name on his artwork – after all, at the most, he achieved an imitation. What he is proud of is a perfect imitation of some phenomenon in the universe by creating a small version of it that functions in the same way.
在这里,只有当一位艺术家创造的作品与某个存在形式是主观一致的,他才能称得上是成功的艺术家。这也是为何东方艺术家从来都不会在他的艺术品上留下名字-毕竟他最多也只是完成了一个仿制品。通过创造出与某个宇宙现象运作方式相同的小版本,实现对其完美仿制,这才是令他感到自豪的。

Indian art is not an imitation of nature in its physical form but in its fundamental skeletal geometry, in terms of how it is built within itself. In other words, it is about translating the energy geometry of a certain dimension of life into a physical form that in some way embodies this dimension so that people can experience it.
印度艺术并不是基于它的外在形式上的模仿,而是对它的基础骨架的几何学—它的内在构造进行模仿,换言之,就是把生命某一种维度的能量几何学以外在形式体现,通过一定的方式将这个维度具体化从而让人们可以体验到它。
 
Love&Grace
Sadhguru
爱与恩典
萨古鲁

 

 
文章来源:http://isha.sadhguru.org/blog/yoga-meditation/science-of-yoga/how-indian-temple-sculptures-are-made/
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