姜的10种健康益处——神奇的香料(下、附食谱)
发布日期:2018-08-07 20:10
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姜因其在医药、疗愈、烹饪方面的益处而备受欢迎,它是一种拥有众多疗愈特性的神奇香料。上一篇文章,我们分享了姜对身体的十大益处;在这篇文章中,我们将分享姜的历史以及使用姜的注意事项与治疗配方。

 

Ginger Components

姜的成分

 

Ginger is closely related to turmeric, cardamom and galangal. Similar to other plants, ginger is a very complex mixture of compounds, containing several hundred known constituents, including beta-carotene, capsaicin, caffeic acid and curcumin.

姜同姜黄、豆蔻和高良姜是近亲。同其他植物类似,姜是一种十分复杂的复合物,包含数百种已知成分,包括β-胡萝卜素、辣椒素、咖啡酸和姜黄素。

 

The pungency in ginger is derived from the principle compounds gingerol, shogaol and zingerone.

姜的辣味来自于它的主要成分姜辣素、姜烯酚和姜油酮。

 

Gingerol is the active component in fresh ginger, and is related to capsaicin, which is the active component in chilli peppers. Zingerone – the least pungent compound – occurs when gingerol is cooked, while shogaol – which is twice as pungent – occurs when gingerol is dried.

姜辣素是生姜中的活性成分,和辣椒素关系密切,辣椒素是尖辣椒中的活性成分。姜油酮——辣度最小的复合物——是姜辣素加热的产物,姜烯酚——辣度为姜辣素的两倍——是姜辣素干燥后的产物。

 

Origin and Trade Routes

起源和商贸之路

 

Found extensively in the lush tropical jungles in South Asia, ginger is thought to have originated on the Indian subcontinent. The ginger plants that grow in India show the largest amount of genetic variation, implying that the plant has grown longest in that region.

姜在南印度茂盛热带丛林的分布广泛,被认为起源于印度次大陆。生长在印度的姜有着最大的遗传多样性,表明该植物在该区域的生长期最长。

 

Ginger was first exported from Asia in the first century AD along the lucrative Spice Route. It made its appearance in the Mediterranean over 2000 years ago with the Arab traders, who brought it to the Middle East then across to the Red Sea, where it was sold to the Greeks and Romans.

姜在公元一世纪沿利润丰厚的香料之路首次从亚洲出口。姜在2000多年前出现在地中海,由阿拉伯商人带到中东,后又经由红海售给希腊人和罗马人。

 

Records from ancient Rome show that imported ginger was taxed as it made its way ashore at Alexandria. With the fall of Rome, ginger and its uses were lost to most of Europe until the 11th century, when it made a comeback. It was desirable not only for its culinary benefits and medicinal properties, but also for its trade value.

古罗马有记载显示姜由亚历山大港登陆时需要交税。随着罗马的沦陷,姜及姜的使用流向欧洲大部,直至11世纪才回归。姜受人亲睐不只是因为它在烹饪上的益处和药用价值,还因为它有贸易价值。

 

By 1128, Marseilles started placing a tariff on ginger imports, followed by Paris in 1296. In the 13th and 14th centuries, the value of a pound of ginger was equivalent to the cost of a sheep. By the 14th century, ginger had made its way around Europe, and became the most popular spice after black pepper.

1128年,马赛开始征收姜的进口关税,1296年被巴黎效仿。公元13和14世纪,1磅姜的价值已经等同于一头绵羊。公元14世纪,姜在欧洲盛行,成为继黑胡椒之后流行最广的香料。

 

By medieval times, ginger was being imported in preserved form to be used in sweets. Queen Elizabeth I of England was said to be very fond of the spice, and is accredited for the famous gingerbread men that are now customary at Christmas in Europe and North America.

中世纪,姜以干姜方式进口并用作甜品制作。据说英国伊丽莎白一世十分喜爱这种香料,姜被用来制作著名的姜饼人,姜饼人如今成为欧洲和北美圣诞节的风俗甜品。

 

The herb made its way from Europe to the New World with the Spanish Conquistadors, and later on, with the western European immigrants as they began to settle the Americas.

这种香料随西班牙征服者从欧洲进入新大陆,而后,随西欧移民一起定居美国。

 

Ginger Production Today

现今姜的生产

 

Today, ginger is grown in tropical countries around the world and exported globally.

现今,姜生长在世界各地的热带国家并出口全球。

 

India remains the largest producer, consumer and exporter of the spice, with China close behind, followed by other Asian countries, including Nepal, Japan and Thailand.

印度仍是这种香料最大的生产国、消费国及出口国,中国紧随其后,然后就是其他亚洲国家,包括尼泊尔、日本和泰国。

 

The Caribbean islands are also known for their ginger production, especially Jamaica, where the quality of ginger is similar to that of the Indian plant.

加勒比岛国作为姜生产国为人熟知,尤其是牙买加,那里的姜和印度的品种类似。

 

South American countries such as Brazil, and African nations like Nigeria and Sierra Leone also cultivate the herb, along with Australia and Fiji, where it is grown on a smaller scale.

南美国家如巴西,非洲国家如尼日利亚和塞拉利昂也种植姜,澳大利亚和斐济也有小面积的种植。

 

注意事项

 

1、姜不应给两岁以下的幼儿食用

2、通常成年人每日姜食用量不应超过4g,包括烹饪

3、孕期妇女每日食用量不应超过1g

4、可以使用干姜或鲜姜制作姜茶,每日服用两到三次

5、用于减轻急性炎症,可以使用姜油处理感染部位,每日数次

6、姜粉胶囊据说比其他形式更有效

7、姜可以同其他药物配合使用,包括血液稀释剂

8、用法用量及具体情形下的副作用等请遵医嘱

 

治疗配方

 

一、姜饮料

 

饮品1:帮助净化血液

 

作法

1、把姜捣碎以获取液体,放入玻璃容器静置15分钟

2、去掉沉渣,将上清液放置冰箱5-6天

3、取2匙姜汁混合2匙蜂蜜,每日清晨空腹服用

4、每半年服用48天

 

饮品2:有助消化性疾病

 

作法

1、将鲜姜清洗干净并去皮

2、切成小片,浸入用广口玻璃瓶装好的蜂蜜中

3、用薄的白色纯棉布封口,阳光下放置12天

4、每日早晚各服2-4片可以祛除各种消化性疾病

 

饮品3:降低感冒风险

 

作法

1、取4匙姜汁、4匙蜂蜜和2匙柠檬汁,放入杯中用温水混合后服用

2、此药方可以有效改善易患感冒的体质

 

二、姜-柠檬 茶

 

这个健康茶配方能让你感觉清醒,精力充沛,没有咖啡因的副作用。

 

作法

1、用深平底锅烧4.5杯水

2、烧水时,把2英寸(约5厘米)大小的鲜姜和25-30片Tulsi(圣罗勒)叶碾碎混合

3、将糨糊加入开水中,加入2匙干香菜种子(可选)

4、继续烧开2-3分钟

5、将茶过滤倒入杯中,加1匙汁青柠汁和适量红糖,趁热饮下!

 

三、西瓜-姜-薄荷 冷饮

 

这是一剂姜的冷饮配方,蜂蜜和西瓜是可口的夏日福利。

 

原料

1、四分之一个西瓜

2、1英寸(约2.5厘米)大小的姜

3、¼杯鲜薄荷叶

4、适量盐

5、适量黑胡椒粉

6、3匙蜂蜜

 

作法

1、西瓜去皮,去籽,切大块

2、将西瓜块投入搅拌器中

3、姜去皮,碾碎,放入搅拌器中

4、加入薄荷叶、盐、胡椒粉和蜂蜜

5、开搅拌器直至搅拌均匀,然后过滤

6、将汁倒入玻璃容器,饮用

 

 

文章来源:isha.sadhguru.org/in/en/blog/article/10-ways-ginger-root-of-well-being
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