家中可以帮助净化空气的三种植物
发布日期:2018-01-04 14:50
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Isha’s Project GreenHands offers a simple and natural solution to purify the air in your home – using plants!
Isha的绿手计划为你家中净化空气提供了一个非常简单又天然的解决之道—使用植物!

What would the world look like if the essentials of healthy living became luxuries? If only a tiny percent of the population could afford clean water, pure air, and edible food?
如果有一天实现健康生活的必需要素都成为了奢侈品,那这个世界会变成什么样?如果只有极小比例的人口可以负担起干净的水,纯净的空气,以及可食用的食物,那又会怎样呢?
 
Statistics suggest that in developing countries, the health impacts of indoor air pollution far outweigh those of outdoor air pollution. The ill-effects of indoor air pollution  result in about two million premature deaths per year – 44% due to pneumonia, 54% from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and 2% from lung cancer. The most affected groups are women and younger children, as they tend to spend more time at home. It is particularly worrisome to see children constantly troubled by air-borne illness, which impacts their childhood in many ways, besides learning and development.
 有数据表明在发展中国家,室内空气污染对于健康的影响要远远大于户外空气污染。室内空气污染的不良影响每年导致大约200万早产儿死亡—44%死于肺炎,54%死于慢性障碍性肺病(COPD),还有2%死于肺癌。受影响最大的人群是女性和较小的儿童,因为他们在家里待得时间比较长。看到儿童长期被因空气污染而形成的疾病所困扰,实在是令人担忧,并且通过各种方式影响了他们的童年,除了学习和成长。
 
Despite this alarming situation, there is a simple way for one to begin reversing the damage. Kamal Meattle, with help from Indian Institute of Technology – Delhi (IIT-D), The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), and research findings from NASA, discovered that there are three common green plants which can easily produce all the fresh air we need to keep us healthy: Areca Palm, Mother-in-law’s Tongue, Money Plant.
尽管目前的现状令人担忧,但还是有一个简单的方法来改变目前对健康的损害。在印度理工学院德里分校、印度塔塔能源研究所的帮助下,利用美国国家航空航天局的研究成果,卡迈勒 • 米艾涛发现有三种普通的绿色植物,可以简单地产生我们所需的新鲜空气,以保证我们的身体健康。 这三种植物是:散尾葵、 虎尾兰和绿萝。
 
 
 
Areca Palm 散尾葵
No. of plants needed per person: 
 每人所需的数量:4株
Plant Care: Areca Palms require bright, indirect light from a south- or west-facing window. The leaves turn yellowish-green in direct sunlight. Use moist soil and water the plants as soon as the soil feels dry a little below the surface. Areca Palms do not respond well to overwatering.
如何照料:散尾葵需要从朝向南面或西面的窗户而来的明亮的间接阳光。如果直接在阳光下照晒,叶子会变成黄绿色。要用潮湿的土壤,同时如果表层土壤下面有一点点干的话,就要尽快浇水。散尾葵对于过度浇水并不会反应灵敏。
 
Mother-in-law’s Tongue 虎尾兰
Plants per person: 6-8 waist-high plants
 每人所需的数量:高度到腰际6-8株
Plant Care: Very adaptable to different temperatures. Place in indirect sunlight and don’t water too much.
如何照料:对于各种温度都能适应。请放置在间接阳光下,不要浇太多水。
 
Money Plant 绿萝
Plant Care: Place in a moderately humid room. Requires infrequent watering. Very easy to maintain.
如何照料:请放置在适度潮湿的房间里。需要浇水不多。养护起来很简单。
The Money Plant removes formaldehydes and other volatile chemicals from the air. 
绿萝可以吸收空气中的甲醛和其他挥发性的化学物质。
Money Plant use has been tried and tested in a building in Delhi with phenomenal results. Compared to other buildings, occupants experienced a reduction in the incidence of eye irritation by 52%, respiratory irritation by 34%, headaches by 24%, lung impairment by 12% and asthma by 9%.
在德里的一栋建筑里曾经尝试用绿萝进行了测试,获得了一些显著的结果。与其他楼宇相比,这一栋楼的居住者在以下各种发生率方面都有所减少,眼睛刺激为52%,呼吸刺激为34%,头痛为24%,肺部损伤为12%,哮喘为9%。

What can we do now? 我们现在能做什么呢?
First-timers can start with one of each plant above and graduate to the optimum needs as mentioned above. When the plant grows large (which takes many years) and needs to be transplanted into the ground, simply plant it in a suitable spot in your surroundings and take care of it until it becomes self-sufficient. That way, we can make our personal and environmental goals align with each other.
第一次做的人可以从种植一株上面讲的每一种植物开始,然后渐渐地过渡到上面提到的最优的需要。当植物不断长大(这需要好多年的时间)需要移植到地里的时候,只需要把它种在你周围的一个合适的地方,一直照料它直到它可以自给自足。这样,我们就可以保证我们个人与环境的目标和谐共处。
 
Love&Grace
Sadhguru
爱与恩典
萨古鲁
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