断食有什么好处吗?
发布日期:2017-04-08 16:02
断食有什么好处吗?

Questioner: Is there any benefit to fasting?

提问者:断食有什么好处吗?

 

Sadhguru: In yoga, the ideal break between one meal and the next meal is eight hours. You can manage these kinds of meals even when you are working outside. But a minimum of five hours is a must for everybody. This is because only when your stomach is empty, your excretory system functions properly.

萨古鲁:在瑜伽体系中,两餐之间最理想的时间间隔为8小时。这种吃法即使在你外出工作时也可以办到。不过对每个普通人来说,最少5小时的间隔是必须的。这是因为只有当你的胃空着的时候,你的排泄系统才会正常运作。

 

See, you can do this as an experiment: let us say your measure that you are eating so many calories, or your one meal is this many grams. You make the same meal into two portions and eat it twice a day. If you make the same meal into ten portions and eat ten times a day, you will see when you eat ten times; you will put on more weight. This is simply because the excretory system is not efficient. A lot of garbage, which would have gone out of system, will not go out of the system because constantly the stomach is full. When there is food in the stomach, when the digestive process is happening, the excretory system does not function very efficiently. Only when the stomach is totally empty, the cleansing happens well.

你不妨做个试验:假设你一顿要吃xx卡路里(热量)、或者xx克重的食物。你将这一顿分成两餐,在一天中分两次吃完。但如果你将这一顿分成十餐、一天里吃十次,那么你会发现,一天吃十餐的时候你的体重会增加。这仅仅是因为排泄系统效率降低了。由于胃里总有东西在消化着,很多本来必须排除体外的垃圾现在都排不出去了。当胃里有食物,当消化过程仍在进行时,排泄系统的工作效率就会打折扣。只有当胃是完全空的,清理过程才会顺利开始。

 

Once in every 11 to 14 days, you may not feel like eating. On that day, you should not eat. 

你可能每过11~14天就会有一天不想吃东西。在那一天里,你真的不应该进食。

 

Have you observed… when you are very sick, very weak, and you get up from the bed, how you walk? Every step in full awareness, isn’t it? As you become less of a body, your awareness of other dimensions within yourself naturally becomes enhanced. When food is served before you, if you are too much of a body, if you are hungry you know, both your hands will go for it. When you are very hungry, all your body wants to do is eat. But now, you could take a moment, before you start eating, to silently express your gratitude to everything that has brought this food to you – the land, the farmer, the vendor, the person who cooked it, the one who served it, and to the food itself for offering its life for yours, before you start eating. A simple act like this loosens you from your body. It reminds you that you are not the body. When you are very hungry, you are the body. Just give it a little space and suddenly you are not that. Hunger is there, you are there, and it is okay. Misunderstanding this has led to simply torturous fasting.

你有没有观察过,当你生重病、身体很虚弱的时候,如果这时从床上起来,你会怎样走路? - 你会每走一步都全神贯注,对不对?当你的身体感更弱的时候,你对在你之内的其它维度的觉知便自然地得到了增强。别人在你面前上菜时,如果你的身体感太强,如果当时你很饿,你会迫不及待两只手都去抓。当你很饿时,身体一心只想着吃这件事。但在这个时刻你可以先停下来,在开始吃之前,花片刻默默感谢那将食物带到你面前的一切:土地、农夫、商贩、做饭的人、上菜的人、还有食物本身 - 感谢它为了你的生命奉献出自己。单是这样一个简单的举动,便能松开你跟身体之间的捆绑。它提醒你,你不是这个身体。当你很饿时,你就是这个身体。但只要腾出一点空间,突然地你便不是身体了。此时,饥饿在那里,而你在另一处,相安无事。如果不能正确理解这些,只会导致痛苦的断食。

 

It is important that you don’t fast forcefully. If you observe the natural cycle of the body, there is something called a mandala. The mandala means that every 40 to 48 days, the system goes through a certain cycle. In every cycle, there are three days when your body does not need food. If you are conscious of how your body functions, you will become aware that on these days, your body does not need food. And without effort, you can go without food on that day.

切勿强行断食,这点很重要。当你观察身体的自然循环韵律,有个叫mandala(曼陀罗)的东西。mandala意味着,每过40~48天,人体系统都经历一个特定的周期。在每个周期里有三天是你的身体不需要食物的。如果你对身体之运作有足够的觉察,你便能意识到,身体在那些天里并不需要食物,而你在那些天里也能够毫不费力地、自然而然就不吃东西。

 

Once in every 11 to 14 days, you may not feel like eating. On that day, you should not eat. You know, even dogs and cats have this awareness? Have you noticed that on particular days, they will not eat? They are aware of their system. On the day the system says “no food,” it is a cleaning-up day, they will not eat. Since you don’t have this awareness, they fixed Ekadashi. Ekadashi comes once in every 14 days in the lunar calendar. At least every 14 days, you could go without food. If you are unable to go without food, if your activity levels are such and you don’t have the necessary sadhana to support you, then you could go on a fruit diet. Just observe your own system, and you may notice that on certain days, you do not really need to eat. Forcing food on those days is not a good thing to do.

你可能每过11~14天就会有一天不想吃东西。在那一天里,你真的不应该进食。你知道吗,甚至猫狗都保有这份觉知。你有没有留意到,它们在某些特定的日子里不吃东西呢?它们对自身系统有觉察。在那个日子里它们的身体说“不要食物”,这是“大扫除”的日子,于是他们就什么都不吃了。由于现在你还没有这份觉知,人们便固定出一个日子:Ekadashi(断食日)。在印度阴历中,每14天里就有一个断食日。至少每过14天,你就可以有一天不吃东西。如果你在这一天里无法做到完全不吃,如果你的活动消耗量太大、且没有必要的练习(sadhana)来支持自己的话,那么在这一天里你可以只吃水果。去观察你的身体系统便可能注意到,在某些日子里真的无需进食。在那些日子里强迫自己进食是不明智的。

 

Suppose one wants to fast for a certain period, it must always be supported with the right kind of spiritual practices or sadhana. If you forcefully fast without preparing your body and mind sufficiently, you will only cause damage to your health. But if your body is properly prepared, if you are mentally also in a certain state, if you are prepared energy-wise, then fasting can be of much benefit to you.

假如你想持续断食一段时间,则一定要有恰当的灵性练习(sadhana)来给予支持。如果你没有充分准备好自己的身体和头脑便强制进行断食,只会对自身健康造成伤害。但如果你的身体准备恰当了,精神也调整到某种状态,能量方面也准备充分了,那么此时断食将让你受益颇多。

 

If you are constantly drinking coffee or tea, then, if you fast, it will become torture for you; fasting will be very difficult. So if you want to fast, first of all prepare the body by eating the right kind of foods. If it is a great torture when you hold back your urge to eat, you will only cause damage to the system. Maybe you are thinking of performing some kind of a feat “I did not eat for three days,” and you want to go and tell that to the whole world. Please don’t do such things. It is of no benefit to you. You will just make yourself weak, that is all. Just understanding the body and coming to a deeper understanding of how the system functions and what is the best thing to do, is more important than doing something like this.

如果平日经常饮茶和咖啡,那么你断食对你将会成为折磨;断食将变得非常困难。因此,你若想断食的话,首先得通过正确的饮食让身体做好准备。假如你抑制食欲时感到极度痛苦,这只会给身体系统带来损害。也许你头脑里想的是要履行一次“我三天没吃东西!”的壮举,你想到外面告诉全世界你做到了。拜托,别做这样的事情。这对你一点儿好处都没有。这样你只会把自己拖垮,仅此而已。你真正需要做的只是理解身体,并对身体系统的运作达成一种更深的领悟,明白什么是最好的选择,这比做所有那些傻事来得更重要。

 

It may not be a good thing for everybody to fast, but it has many benefits if it is done with proper understanding. So finding the right situation for the system and taking off food at that time will be a good thing to do.

断食也许不一定适用于每一个人,但如果对其有正确的理解,断食是好处多多的。因此,找到恰当的时候给身体系统断绝食物,将是一项明智之举。

爱与恩典

萨古鲁

 

 
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