瑜伽解密:呼吸是如何随着哈他瑜伽练习而进化的
发布日期:2017-02-05 20:21
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Sadhguru speaks about how hatha yoga helps the human system perceive, and how change in breath is a manifestation of this evolution.

萨古鲁谈到了哈他瑜伽是如何帮助人类系统感知,以及呼吸变化是如何能体现这种进化的。

Q:For both Surya Kriya and asanas, the instruction is to breathe slightly deeper than normal. What is the idea behind that?

:Surya Kriya(苏里亚克里亚)和体式都强调,呼吸要比正常呼吸略深。这背后有什么原理吗?

 

Sadhguru: Generally, most human beings are breathing somewhere between 12 to 15 times per minute. They use less than 20% of their lung capacity during normal breathing. If your lung capacity expands, the number of breaths per minute during normal breathing naturally comes down, without you controlling it.

萨古鲁:一般而言,大部分人每分钟呼吸大约12到15次。他们在平时呼吸时只使用了不到20%的肺活量。如果你的肺活量增加,平时每分钟呼吸次数会自然下降,无需你的控制。

 

If you stick to the classical form of yoga, over a period of time, your breath will become slow. There are very poetic expressions for this. They say, if your breath becomes 11 per minute, you understand the language of every animal and bird around you. If your breath becomes nine, you understand the very language that the Earth is speaking. If your breath becomes seven, you know everything that is worth knowing in existence. That means your body becomes so stable that there is no static, no crackle – it just perceives everything. Even now, the body perceives – otherwise you could not exist. You may not be conscious of it, but your body understands exactly how the Earth is spinning, what is happening with the Sun, what is happening with everything. As long as you live, your body is adjusting to all that.

如果你坚持练习古典瑜伽,过段时间后你的呼吸会变慢。有些非常富有诗意的说法是这么形容的:如果你的呼吸变成每分钟11次,你会听懂身边所有鸟兽的语言。如果你的呼吸变成每分钟9次,你会听懂地球正在说的语言。如果你的呼吸变成每分钟7次,你会知道存在中所有值得知道的一切。这意味着你的身体变得如此稳定,以至于没有任何静电或噪音干扰–它只是纯粹地感知一切。即使是现在,身体也在感知 – 否则你就不存在了。你可能没有意识到这一点,但你的身体完全懂得地球是如何转动的,太阳在发生什么变化,所有事物在发生什么变化。只要你还活着,你的身体就在适应这一切。

 

When your breath becomes more and more stable, the disturbances of life are gone. You are able to clearly see what is happening. Either you achieve this through yogasanas or by becoming absolutely meditative. For example if you sit in Shoonya meditation, the breath becomes very slow, almost not there. In Shoonya, many of you may be breathing about nine to ten breaths per minute. Then again, at certain moments, you will breathe faster.

当你的呼吸越来越稳定时,生活中的困扰会离你而去。你会清晰地看到正在发生的事。你可以通过练习瑜伽体式(yogasanas)或深度冥想来达到这种境界。例如,当你坐下来进行苏尼亚(Shoonya)冥想时,呼吸会变得很慢,几乎不存在的感觉。练习苏尼亚(Shoonya)时,你们很多人可能是每分钟呼吸9到10次。但之后某些时候,你会呼吸得更快。

 

You can get there through meditative processes, but doing so by preparing the body is more reliable. With meditation, today your breath may naturally slow down, tomorrow it may not. But if you prepare the body, the progress is more stable. That is the strength of doing the practices every day – they steadily take you up. With meditative processes alone, one day it is fantastic, another day you may not be there at all.

你可以通过冥想来达到这种境界,但是通过让身体做好准备来实现这一目的更加可靠。在做冥想时,今天你的呼吸可能会自然地变慢,但明天可能又不会。但是如果你的身体做好了准备,进步就会更稳定。这就是每天做练习的优势—它能稳定地提升你。只做冥想的话,某一天你可能体验很好,另一天你却完全不行。

 

If you intentionally stretch your normal breath, after some time, you will gasp. That is not evolution of the system. That is forcefully trying to do something. On the other hand, when you practice asanas, breathing slightly deeper than normal, over a period of time the duration of the breath may increase. Your normal breath will become slower, and so will your slightly-deeper-than-normal breath.

如果你刻意地去延长你的正常呼吸,过段时间后你会喘气。这不是系统在进化。这是在强制性地试图做某事。另一方面,你练习体式时如果呼吸得比自然呼吸略深,过段时间后你的呼吸可能会变长。你的正常呼吸会变慢,你的比正常略深的呼吸也会变慢。

 

As your system evolves, the number of breaths you take per minute will naturally come down. You will start understanding what people around you are saying. You will understand the language of other creatures, the language of the planet, and the very language of the source of creation.

随着你的系统在进化,你每分钟呼吸的次数会自然下降。你会开始懂得你身边的人在说什么。你会懂得其它生物的语言、地球的语言以及创造之源的语言。

 

The body always understands because it is a piece of creation. It knows everything about creation. It is just that there is too much disturbance for you to realize that. It is like turning on the radio and there is static because of lightning, rain, or whatever, so you cannot hear the music. If the rain stops, suddenly the music comes out crystal clear to your ear. That is the whole process of knowing. You just have to stop the static.

身体一直是懂得这些的,因为身体就是创造的一部分。它懂得关于创造的一切。只是存在太多干扰,让你无法意识到这一点。就好比是打开收音机后因为闪电、下雨或别的因素产生了静电,导致你听不到音乐。如果雨停了,突然你的耳朵就能十分清楚地听到了音乐。这就是了悟的全部过程。你只需要停止静电干扰。

 

The effect of rapid breathing

快速呼吸的效果

 

Q:In certain asanas, for example in Bhujangasana in the Surya Kriya series, or in the Sarvangasana series, as well as in Matsyasana, we do rapid breathing. Why so?

:在某些体式中,例如Surya Kriya里的眼镜蛇式(Bhujangasana)、或皇后式(Sarvangasana)、或鱼式(Matsyasana),我们会做快速呼吸。为什么要这样呢?

 

Sadhguru: Wherever there is rapid breathing, there is an effort to turn a very physical process into an energy process. When there is an opportunity without risk, we are trying to use it. Kriyas have to be done with a certain care. Suppose your energies get activated without the right kind of preparation, while you are in the wrong posture, in the wrong attitude, in the wrong situation, your stomach is full or whatever else, what could be a great thing will turn into a disaster.

萨古鲁:只要是有快速呼吸的地方,都是为了将一个非常生理的过程转化成能量过程。当有机会这么做并且没有任何风险时,我们就会试图使用快速呼吸。做Kriya(克里亚)时需要比较小心。如果你的能量没有经过适当准备而被激活,而你处于错误体式、错误态度、错误环境、饱腹状态或其它任何情况下,本应该会给你带来很大好处的东西却会变成灾难。

 

It is like a pot of gold came down from above, but it fell on your head and killed you! If a rock broke off from a mountain, fell on your head, and you died, it is one thing. If a pot of gold came down from above, but instead of you catching it, it fell on your head and you died, it is a disaster! So, when we do asanas, only certain postures where it is safe to do that, we seek to transform them into Kriyas.

就好比是一坛子金子从上而下,但却落在你头上把你砸死了。如果一块山体碎石落在你头上把你砸死了,这还不算什么。如果一坛子金子从上而下没被你接住,反倒是落在你头上把你砸死了,这就是灾难!所以,做体式时,我们只把某些做快速呼吸很安全的体位转成Kriya(克里亚)。

爱与恩典

萨古鲁

 

 
文章来源:http://isha.sadhguru.org/blog/yoga-meditation/demystifying-yoga/breath-evolves-with-hatha-yoga/
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