行为瑜伽的目的
发布日期:2018-01-04 14:03
Q: Sadhguru, how do I go beyond action or karma yoga? Personally, I have no urge to do anything. I feel like drifting towards a state of non-doing.
问题:萨古鲁,我如何能够超越行为或业力瑜伽(Karma Yoga)?就我人个人而言,我没有任何渴求去做任何事。我感觉自己在走向一种无为的状态。
 
Sadhguru: When a person has made ultimate reality the goal in his life, action becomes meaningless. Once action is meaningless, any kind of self-image is of no great significance; but right now, in the state you are in, there is still a need for action. You have not yet reached a point where you have transcended action. You are unable to be without action. So, perform the kind of action you think is best right now and do what is needed for the situation.
萨古鲁:当一个人将终极实相作为人生目标时,行为变得毫无意义。一旦行为失去了意义,各种自我形象也就不复重要;但在此刻,就你所处的状态而言,依然需要行为。你目前还没有达到能超越行为的层次。你无法离开行动。因此,目前你就做你认为是最好的、最适合当下情形的行为。
 
A man who does not know action – real, intense action – can never move into inaction. If you try, inaction will just become lethargy. People who are always resting in their life must be experts about rest, but that is not the truth. People who have never been on fire will not know the coolness of water. People who have just lived their life in a half-hearted manner, sedately, can never know the other way. So, intense activity, at least for a while can be useful for your energies to reach a boiling point and get moving. Then, to transform them into something else is very easy. That’s the whole purpose of karma or action. A sadhaka chooses action for this reason. We are going to perform action anyway. But we have the choice to perform Adolf Hitler’s or Mahatma Gandhi’s type of action. That’s all there is to it. Anyway we have to perform action, so let us do it whole-heartedly and choose the form of action. 
一个不懂得“为”的人——真正的,高强度的行为——是永远都不会进入到无为的。如果你要尝试的话,无为只会变成无精打采。那些在他们的生命中总是在休息的人们,一定是休息方面的专家,但事实并非如此。那些没有感受过火的人永远都无法明白水的清凉。对于那些一直半心半意,平淡地度过一生的人来说,他们永远不能体验另一种状态。因此,高强度的行动,至少在一段时间内,有助于能量到达某个爆发点并进一步提升。然后,再把能量转换成其他东西就会很简单。这就是行为或业力瑜伽的全部目的。一个萨达卡(Sadhaka,追求终极目标的修行人) 行动的目的正在于此。反正我们都要行动,但我们可以选择做出怎样的行为,是选择阿道夫希特勒的行为还是圣雄甘地的行为。就是这样。反正我们都要有所行动,就做出自己的选择,并全心全意地去履行。
 
Rule or Serve – What’s Your Choice?
统治或服务-你的选择是什么?
 
Do you want to rule the world or do you want to serve the world? Ultimately, that’s the choice. Normally, everyone wants to rule the world. It is just that because most people are half-hearted, they are only able to rule their family! But what they really want is to rule the world. They don’t have the capacity or the intensity to do it. Otherwise, they would be a potential Hitler.
你想要统治世界还是想要服务于这个世界?究其根本,选择就在于此。一般而言,每个人都想要统治世界。仅仅因为大部分人是半心半意的,因此他们只能统治他们的家庭!但他们真正想要的却是统治整个世界。他们没有足够的能力或投入程度来实现。否则,他们就会成为潜在的希特勒。
 
So, the choice is to rule or to serve. Choose whichever kind of action you think is most harmonious and closest to divinity and realization. Every moment, do it with tremendous intensity, without giving it a single moment’s break. Then, a day will come when action is not needed anymore. If you really want to know this “non-doing” business, first you must discover what doing is. You have not done that yet. In every waking moment and even in my sleep, unceasingly I pursue this work of offering myself, physically and mentally. It is only out of that, that all of this has happened in my life. It has become so powerful simply because it does not mean anything to me, but I am at it twenty-four hours. This has a different kind of power. That is the whole meaning of sacrifice. It is only out of that, that something else happens – both inside and outside – which can never be put into words.
所以,选择就在于是统治还是服务。选择你认为是最和谐、最接近神性和终极实相的。每个时刻,以巨大的强度来做,一刻都不要中断。直到有一天,你不再需要任何行为了。如果你真的想要了解“无为”,首先你必须了解什么是行为——这一点你还没有做到。我在每一个清醒的时刻甚至是睡觉的时候,一刻不停地我奉献自己,身体上还有精神上的。只是因为此,所有这一切才发生在我的生命里。它变得如此强大仅仅在于,虽然它对于我没有任何意义,但我却24小时里都专注于它。这就有一种完全不同的力量。那就是奉献的全部意义所在。只是因为此,才能发生一些其他维度的事—内在和外在的,这是永远都无法用语言来传达的。
 
This is how every powerful individual in this world is created. This is the science of creating a truly powerful being. This is not power to rule. This is not a power that can be taken away at any moment. No one can take it away, because wherever you are put, that is what you do. If you want to rule, you have to sit on the seat. If someone pulls you off the seat, you will be miserable. This is not like that. Wherever you are put – heaven or hell – you just do your work. This releases you from the fruit of action. Once you are released from the fruit of action, the action will happen by itself. You don’t have to stop working to be released from action. It will simply dissolve, melt and disappear. Once the expectation of the fruit of action is completely removed from your life, the action occurs by itself. You don’t have to do anything about it. 
这就是世界上每一个强大的人如何被创造出来的。这就是创造一个真正强大的人的科学。这不是统治的力量,这不是那种任何时刻都可能被夺走的力量。没有人可以夺走它,因为不管你被放置何处,你都只是去奉献。如果你想统治,你就必须要坐上宝座。但如果有人把你拉下宝座,你就会变得痛苦。但这并不是像那样。无论你被放在何处,天堂或地狱,你只是做你的事情。这样你就会从行为的结果中解放出来。一旦你从行为的结果中解放出来,那么行为就会自动发生。你不需要停止行为来让自己从行为中解放。它会很容易就消除,溶解并消失。一旦你对行为的结果的期待完全彻底被放下,那么行为它自己就会发生。你对此不需要做任何事情。
 
“No Work, No Food”
“不劳作,无食物”
 
In one of the Zen monasteries, there was an old Master who was over eighty years old. Every day, he worked his heart out in the gardens. In Zen monasteries, gardening is one of the most important parts of the sadhana. Day in and day out, people spend time in the garden. This Master had been doing this for years. Now, he was over eighty and had become weak, but he did not stop. The whole day, he worked in the garden. Many times his disciples tried to dissuade him, “Stop working, we are all here, we will do it.” But he just went on doing what he could. His capacity to work physically might have come down, but the intensity had not.
在某一个禅道院里,有一位年过80岁的老师父。每天都会在花园里辛勤劳作,呕心沥血。在禅道院,从事园艺活动是修行的最重要的内容之一。一天又一天,禅道院的人做着园艺活儿,这位老师父多年来也都一直在做着。如今,他已年过80高龄而且身体也变得很虚弱了,但他从未停下来过。一整天他都待在花园里。很多次他的弟子们都劝阻他,“不要干了,我们都在这,让我们来做吧。”但师父依然继续做着他能干的活儿。在身体上或许师父干活的能力有所降低,但在专注度上并没有。
 
So, one day the disciples took away his tools and hid them somewhere, as he would work only with these tools. That day, he did not eat. The next day, there were no tools again, so he did not eat. The third day also, no tools; he did not eat. By then they got scared, “Oh! Because we hid the tools, he is angry. He is not eating.” Once again, they replaced the tools where they were usually placed. On the fourth day, he worked and ate. Then in the evening, he gave his teaching: “No work, no food,” and he went back and died. That was the last day. The four days of fasting were too much for him; but the last day he worked, he ate, then he left his body, and he just gave this teaching: “No work, no food.” For this kind of a man, action is like this. Hell, heaven or earth, wherever he is put, he will be the same. Once you are like this, you are released from the external situation. 
因此,有一天弟子们就拿走了师父干活用的工具并藏了起来,因为师父必须要用那些工具才能干活。那天,师父没有吃东西。第二天,还是没有工具,所以师父继续不吃。第三天也一样,没有工具;他就又没吃。这时候弟子们害怕了,“天哪,就因为我们藏了他的工具,师父生气了。他就不吃东西。”就这样,弟子们再一次把工具还回了原来的地方。第四天,师父干活了也吃东西了。到了晚上,他教育弟子们:“不劳作,无食物”。师父回去以后就去世了,那是他的最后一天。四天禁食对于师父来说太过了;但最后一天师父干了活,吃了东西,然后他离开了自己的身体,而且留下了教导“不劳作,无食物”。对于这样的人来说,行为是这样的。无论让他处于地狱、天堂或人间,他都是一样的。一旦你可以成为这样,你就会从外部的状况中解放出来。
 
By just closing your eyes, you will not become released. The moment you open them, everything will come back and catch up with you. If you run away and sit on the mountain, you will not become free. It has to be worked out. This is the way to work it out.
仅仅通过闭上眼睛,你是不会得以解脱的。在你睁开眼睛的那一刻起,所有的一切又都会回来缠着你。即使你逃跑了,坐在山上,你还是不会自由的。它必须被真正释放出去。这就是释放的方式。
 
Love&Grace
Sadhguru
爱与恩典
萨古鲁
文章来源:http://isha.sadhguru.org/blog/yoga-meditation/demystifying-yoga/the-purpose-of-karma-yoga-in-the-seekers-journey/
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