Shoonya——不做任何事的重要性
发布日期:2018-04-11 09:23

In this Spot, Sadhguru writes about the universal phenomenon of Shoonya, which occupies ninety-nine percent of ourselves and the whole cosmos, and yet is not in our awareness. He goes on to explain the meditative approach he offers to experience this no-thingness. Shoonya is also the basis of Samyama, which is currently underway at Isha Institute of Inner-sciences in Tennessee.

在这里,萨古鲁写了关于Shoonya的普遍意义,它占据了我们自身的99%和整个宇宙,但我们对此并无觉知。他继续解释了他所提供的冥想方法,为了让人们去体验这种空无。Shoonya也是Samyama课程的基础,Samyama课程目前正在美国田纳西州的Isha内在科学学院中进行。

 

Sadhguru: What is the significance of Shoonya? Shoonya as a word could be translated as “emptiness,” though the English word “emptiness” does not do justice to Shoonya. Emptiness is a sort of negative word – it suggests an absence of something that was supposed to be there. Shoonya is not an absence – it is a limitless presence. The zero was invented in India. When we invented the zero, we did not see it as an absence but as the ultimate number. Zero means nothing, but it can add value to any other number. Shoonya is like that. To put it into a certain perspective – modern cosmologists say that over ninety-nine percent of the cosmos is empty. Over ninety-nine percent of an atom is empty. Ninety-nine percent of existence is empty. This is what we refer to as Shoonya. As the life that you are, you have a choice: Either you can be a small creature in this vast emptiness, or you can be that emptiness which is the source of all creation. That is what we are approaching with Shoonya meditation.

萨古鲁:Shoonya的重要意义是什么?作为一个词,Shoonya可以被翻译成“emptiness(空)”,但这个英文词“emptiness(空)”并不能准确地诠释Shoonya。“emptiness(空)”是一个有点负面色彩的词,它暗示着某物本来应该在某处,结果却没在。Shoonya不是一种“缺席”,它是一种“无限的临在”。数字零是印度人发明的。当我们发明数字零时,我们没有把它看做是一种“缺席”,而是将它看做终极数字。数字零没有任何意思,但它却能增加其他任何数字的价值。Shoonya就像是这样。从特定的角度看,现代宇宙学家说宇宙99%以上都是空的。一粒原子超过99%都是空的。存在的99%都是空的。这就是我们所说的Shoonya。作为生命体的你,是可以选择的:你可以是这广袤空无中的一个小小生物,你也可以是那空无,是一切造物的源头。这就是我们在Shoonya冥想中想要接近的。

 

In your personal opinion, you are the most important life in this creation. In your family structure, you are one of the important lives. In the city, you may be somewhat important, but they can do without you. In the nation, you are a person of very small importance – if you are gone, no one will notice. In the world, you are an even tinier piece of life. In the cosmic space, you are almost non-existent. Even if you do not think about it consciously – somewhere deep down, everyone knows this. That is why all the bravado, all the decoration, all the accumulation – because in some way, there is a desperation to make yourself a substantial life.

依你个人的观点来看,你是这个造物中最重要的生命。在你的家庭结构中,你是重要的生命之一。在你居住的城市,你可能有点儿重要,但没有你,人们一样可以生活。在你的国家,你是一个有着非常小的重要性的人——如果你没了,没人会注意到。在这个世界上,你是一个极小极小的生命。在宇宙空间中,你几乎不存在。即使你并没有有意识地思考这个问题,但在内心深处,每个人都知道这点。这就是所有虚张声势、所有装饰、所有积累物会存在的原因——因为在某种程度上,你在拼命让自己变成一个有着巨大价值的生命。

 

As no-thingness is packaged in every atom and every cell of your body, we package Shoonya into a meditation.

因为空无被置于你身体的每粒原子和每个细胞内,所以我们也将Shoonya放入一个冥想中。

 

Whether it is wealth, money, ego, education, or family – all these are just efforts to somehow make yourself feel like you are a worthwhile life. But when every atom in your body is ninety-nine percent empty and the whole universe is ninety-nine percent empty, it means this no-thingness which is the source of creation is throbbing within you, in every cell of the body. If this becomes a living experience, then you will live very differently. In search of that, kings chose to become beggars. Gautama Buddha walked as a beggar. Shiva walks as a beggar. This demonstrates that they have found something which does not need decoration, amplification, or additions of any kind. It is the thing that occupies the entire cosmos. As I just sit here, this is complete by itself.

无论是财富、金钱、自我、教育,还是家庭,所有这些只是你以某种方式让自己感觉好像是个有价值的生命。但是当你体内每粒原子的99%都是空的,整个宇宙的99%都是空的,那就意味着空无——造物的源头,在你内在,在你体内的每个细胞中跳动着。如果这成为一种活生生的体验,你就会以一种非常不同的方式存在着。为了寻求这个,国王们选择了变成乞丐。释迦摩尼像乞丐一样行走。湿婆像乞丐一样行走。这表明他们发现了某种东西,不需要装饰、浮夸、或者任何类型的附加物。就是这种东西占据了整个宇宙。当我只是坐在这儿,它自己本身就是完整的。

 

This dimension of life would generally need lots of preparation. But today, people are only willing to give a very small amount of time. This is the plight of being a Guru in the twenty-first century. As no-thingness is packaged in every atom and every cell of your body, we package Shoonya into a meditation. It is like a Shoonya pill. I am making it ridiculous, because the way most people in the world go about life is ridiculous. In this vast existence, you are so small, but you think you are big. I have seen many people, to whom their home, their family, their nonsense, their jewelry, their property were so important, they were fighting for it until the last day. And suddenly, they were dead. I tried to point it out to them while they were alive, but they were not interested. It is unfortunate that only with death, people come to their senses.

生命的这个维度通常需要大量地准备。但在今天,人们只愿意给出非常少量的时间。这是在21世纪作为一个Guru(古鲁)所面临的困境。因为空无被置于你身体的每粒原子和每个细胞内,所以我们也将Shoonya放入一个冥想中。这就像一粒Shoonya药片。我在制作可笑的药片,因为世界上大多数人对待生命的方式就是可笑的。在这广袤浩瀚的存在中,你是如此渺小,但是你却认为你很重要。我见过许多人,对他们来说,他们的房子,他们的家庭,他们荒谬愚蠢的言行,他们的珠宝,他们的财产是如此重要,直到生命的最后一天他们都在为此奋斗着。然后突然间,他们死了。我竭力在他们活着的时候向他们指出这一点,但他们没有兴趣。不幸的是,只有死亡才能让人们意识到这点。

 

Suppose you got ninety-nine percent in an examination, you would be very happy with the ninety-nine percent and willing to ignore that one percent. Right now, ninety-nine percent is Shoonya. One percent is creation. In Shoonya meditation, you put this one percent aside for some time and enjoy the ninety-nine percent. You have been ignoring the ninety-nine percent till now, which is ridiculous. Running after fullness, so many frustrations have come. If someone’s pocket is fuller than yours, you get frustrated. If someone’s granary is fuller than yours, you get frustrated. Someone’s heart is fuller than yours, you get frustrated. That is why we are teaching a new game where you can anyway win. After all, emptiness is easier than fullness.

假设你在考试中得了99分,你会为这99分非常开心,并愿意忽略那1分。现在,99%是Shoonya,1%是造物。在Shoonya冥想中,你把这1%放在一旁一段时间,享受那99%。直到现在,你都一直在忽视那99%,这是很荒唐的。一直追求“满”,已经让你如此沮丧。如果别人的口袋比你满,你就会感觉沮丧。如果某人的谷仓比你满,你会感觉沮丧。如果某人的心比你满,你会感觉沮丧。这就是为什么我们要教你一个新的游戏,在这个游戏中,无论如何你都会赢。毕竟,“空”比“满”容易。

 

Shoonya means “emptiness,” or, more precisely, “nothingness.” An even more appropriate way of putting it is with a hyphen between “no” and “thing.” It is “no-thingness.” That means it is a dimension beyond physical nature. Shoonya means doing nothing. If I just keep telling you, “Don’t do anything, don’t do anything,” you will go crazy. The more you try to do nothing, the crazier you will go. To do nothing, you need some support. If you want to swim in nothingness, we give you a rope that you can hold on to. What kind of rope is this? No-thingness also means silence. Some-thingness also means sound. The rope that we offer to you is a particular sound or mantra. When nothingness gets too overwhelming, you can hold on to this sound.

Shoonya的意思是“emptiness(空)”,或者,更精确地说,是“nothingness(空无)”。一个更贴切的表达方式是在“no” 和“thing”之间加上连字符,也就是“no-thingness”,意味着它在一个超越物理属性的维度。Shoonya意味着不做任何事。如果我不断告诉你,“什么都不做,什么都不做”,你会疯掉。你越是试着什么都不做,你越会疯狂。你需要一些支持,才能什么都不做。如果你想在空无中游泳,我们会给你一根绳子让你可以抓着。这是一根什么样的绳子?空无也意味着无声。Some-thingness(某物)也意味着声音。我们给你的这根绳子是一个特别的声音或mantra(真言)。当空无太过震撼时,你可以抓着这个声音。

 

There are various kinds of mantras. One mantra that all of you are familiar with is AUM. It is a kind of mantra that acquires power when you utter it loudly and clearly. Then there are other kinds of mantras that are referred to as beeja mantras. A beeja mantra is a meaningless, pure sound.Mantra means pure sound, beeja means seed. A seed has to be kept in a certain way. Once you put it in the soil, you must give it the right amount of moisture – only then will it sprout. A seed will do what it has to do; the soil will do what it has to do. Your business is just to maintain the needed conditions. Similarly with Shoonya meditation – if you handle it right, it will sprout, grow, become a magnificent tree, and bear fruit.

有各种各样的mantra。你们都很熟悉的一个mantra就是AUM。这是一种当你清晰大声地发出时,会从中获得力量的mantra。还有其他种类的mantra,被叫做beeja mantra。Beeja mantra没有任何意义,是纯粹的声音。mantra的意思是纯粹的声音。Beeja是指种子。一粒种子需要以特定的方式被保存。一旦你将它放入土壤中,你必须给它适量的水分——只有那样,它才会发芽。一粒种子会做它应做的事;土壤会做它应做的事。你要做的仅仅是维持所需的条件。同样,Shoonya冥想——如果你恰当地对它,它将发芽、成长,变成一颗参天大树,硕果累累。

 

Love&Grace,

Sadhguru

爱与恩典

萨古鲁

文章来源:isha.sadhguru.org/blog/sadhguru/spot/shoonya-significance-doing-no-thing
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